A Core Part of Your Team

If you've been diagnosed with cancer, you may be wondering who you'll see first. Do you see a surgeon? A radiation oncologist? More often than not, you'll begin with your medical oncologist, who is a core part of your cancer care team. 

What Your Medical Oncologist Does

A Wide Range of Care

When you have cancer, your medical oncologist is one of the key team members because of the scope of what your physician does. This includes:

  • Diagnosing your cancer and determining the cancer stage
  • Explaining your diagnosis and treatment options
  • Consulting with you and your care team to develop your treatment plan
  • Sharing opportunities to participate in clinical trials and research
  • Helping you manage your symptoms and side effects
  • Monitoring your progress through treatment
  • Discussing your care and progress in interdisciplinary tumor board meetings
  • Referring you to palliative care, if appropriate

Treatment Types

Treatment Based on Your Needs

Your medical oncologist may treat your cancer with any of the following pharmacological treatments:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormonal therapy
  • Targeted drug therapy


Your medical oncologist will determine if your cancer needs to be treated with chemotherapy based on the type and stage of your cancer. Chemotherapy is the use of medication to stop cancer cells from growing and multiplying.

Chemotherapy may be given orally in the form of a tablet, intramuscularly or intravenously through the insertion of a needle into a vein or a catheter. It may include a series of medications given in a specific order. The frequency of your chemotherapy treatment can range from daily, to weekly, to monthly.

One of the benefits of chemotherapy is its ability to target cancer cells that can’t be reached by surgery or radiation. Chemotherapy is sometimes given prior to surgery to decrease the size of a large tumor to obtain better surgical results.


Treating Blood Disorders

Your blood heath is related to your overall health. Hematology involves diagnosing and treating blood disorders, which can involve red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, bone marrow, lymph nodes, and blood proteins.

Our medical oncologists are also hematologists who treat blood disorders that may or may not be cancer. These may include:

  • Anemia
  • Blood Clots
  • Hemophilia
  • Leukemia
  • Lymphoma
  • Myeloma

Please note that any referrals to Hematology come directly through Medical Oncology by calling 425.454.2148.